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  • Writer's pictureRumah Lantai Indonesia

SPC Flooring: What Is It? All You Should Know About SPC Floor Structure


Understanding the SPC flooring's structure can help you make the best option for your demands and budget when selecting flooring.

Please be aware that the price is influenced by the SPC floor's structure.

It is crucial to comprehend the SPC flooring's structure for a number of reasons.

In the first place, it enables you to choose the kind of flooring that best meets your needs and budget. You can choose the best flooring for your particular environment by understanding the components of SPC flooring, such as scratch-resistant coatings, ornamental coatings, SPC core layers, and their underlayers.

There are four main layers in the SPC floor structure:

  • Scratch resistant layer (Wear Layer)

  • Decorative layer (Shades and colors of Spc board)

  • SPC core layer (Spc Board)

  • Underlayer layer (bottom layer )

The information about each layer and its purpose is as follows:

1. Wear Layer or Anti-Scratch Layer

The scratch-resistant coating is an important component of the SPC floor structure, which sits on the top surface of the planks. This transparent coating shields the board from scratches and other damage brought about by friction between your feet, shoes, furniture, and other heavy objects. The scratch-resistant coating is usually made of a high-quality UV-resistant material such as polyurethane or aluminum oxide.

The scratch-resistant coating, which rests on top of the planks, is a crucial part of the SPC floor construction. This is a clear coating that shields the board from scuffs and other harm brought on by friction from things like your shoes, feet, furniture, and other heavy objects. A high-quality, UV-resistant substance, like polyurethane or aluminum oxide, is typically used to create the scratch-resistant coating.

The level of protection and durability of SPC flooring is based on how thick the scratch-resistant layer is.

The thicker this layer, the more wear- and tear-resistant the floor will be. The wear layer thickness typically ranges from 0.3mm to 0.7mm, with 0.5mm being the most common.


Installation Area






Residential / Commercial



Residential / Commercial


The wear layer's thickness should be taken into consideration when selecting SPC flooring. To guarantee optimal protection and lifespan, thicker wear layers may be needed in high usage areas like public spaces. On the other hand, spaces with less usage, like bedrooms or guest rooms, might not need such a deep coating of wear and tear.

The wear layer improves the appearance of SPC floors by adding a glossy or matte surface in addition to protecting them. To replicate the appearance and feel of wood, stone, or natural materials, the wear layer can be embossed or textured.

Overall, the wear layer is a crucial part of the SPC floor structure, contributing significantly to its robustness, aesthetic appeal, and general performance.

2. Decorative Film

A decorative layer is one that offers a special aesthetic appeal. This layer gives the floor the appearance of wood and stone and is in charge of designing the SPC board's overall layout.

A high-definition digital image that accurately reproduces the organic appearance and texture of the desired material is printed on the ornamental layer. To give the floor a genuine texture that replicates the appearance and feel of actual stone or wood, this finish can be embossed or textured.

The decorative finish you select for your SPC flooring should go well with the room's general design and aesthetic. Finding a design that suits your preferences and needs is simple thanks to the wide selection of colors, patterns, and textures that SPC flooring offers.

Overall, the decorative layer is a crucial part of the SPC floor construction that gives it a distinctive aesthetic appeal. This gives you countless design options, which makes it a great option for any space in your house or office.

3. Core Layer ( SPC Board )

The unity of the quality of SPC flooring goods rests on this layer, which is the most significant layer. Because it gives the board stability, toughness, and longevity, the thicker it is, the better it is and the more expensive it will be. It is a strong waterproof coating created from a mixture of stabilizer, PVC, and natural limestone powder.

The thickest layer and best for dimensional stability is the SPC core layer. This makes the floor an excellent option for situations with severe temperatures or humidity levels because it prevents the floor from enlarging or contracting in response to variations in temperature or humidity.

Moreover offering great impact resistance, the SPC core coating makes the product incredibly robust and tear-resistant. Without being damaged or scratched, this coating can resist strong foot traffic, furniture, and other large things.

SPC core layers are also water-resistant, which makes them a great option for bathrooms and kitchens as well as other spaces with high humidity levels. For anyone with allergies or respiratory issues, this product is a healthier option for flooring because it doesn't grow mildew. The following are the various SPC flooring thicknesses available:


Floor base

Installation Ares







Ceramic and Cement




Ceramic and Cement

Residential dan Komercial



Ceramic and Cement

Residential dan Komersial


Overall, the SPC core layer, which gives the floor strength, durability, and water resistance, is a crucial part of the SPC floor structure. This flooring option is incredibly adaptable and works well in both residential and business settings.

4. Underlayer

IXPE underlayment is already present in some SPC flooring types, but it must be put separately in others. A thin layer of foam serves as the underlayment layer, providing insulation, sound dampening, and cushioning for comfort when trodden on. Also, it aids in the elimination of minor flaws in uneven subfloors.

While factory-built underlayment is not a feature that all SPC flooring offers, it might be a practical choice for individuals who want to streamline the installation process. However, it is crucial to keep in mind that the underlayer that is manufactured in a factory is typically more thicker and higher quality than the underlayer that is purchased separately because the installation procedure can have an impact on the outcome.

Be careful to review the manufacturer's installation instructions and guidelines if you're thinking about SPC flooring with a factory-installed underlayer to ensure that it will work with your subfloor.

We may explain the SPC floor layer structure using the following information. Consult with us if you have any questions regarding SPC flooring or need assistance deciding which flooring type is best for your space. Based on your individual requirements and interests, our team may offer insightful advice. You may completely change your room and create a lovely, useful environment with the correct flooring decision.

Looking for the best quality flooring in Jakarta? Rumah Floor Indonesia provides the best SPC flooring with the best quality. Visit our store and find your dream floor today!



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